Have you ever wondered, staring at a pot of water on the stove, how long does it take water to boil? Sometimes it may seem to take forever!
Well, no denying that. But on average, it only takes 7-9 minutes to boil a liter of water on a stove. There are various factors that play a major role here though.
The time required for boiling water varies depending on how you are boiling it and what pot you’re using.
In this article, we tried to answer all the questions you might have about the time required to boil water. Keep reading.
What Are The Factors On Which The Time To Boil Water Depends?
Well, there are several factors on which the boiling time of water depends. Let’s have a look at them.
1. Heat Source
While a stove is the most common heating source for boiling water, various heating methods and sources are available. Other heating sources include an electric kettle, microwave, and water heater.
Different heating sources take different times to boil water.
If you are heating water on a stove, it takes about 10-12 minutes to reach the boiling point. An electric kettle takes about 4-5 minutes, and a microwave takes the shortest time, which is not more than 3-4 minutes.
2. Water Quantity
It is obvious that a large water pot will require more time to boil than a small kettle. If you are boiling one cup of water, it will take a maximum of 3 minutes on a stove. But, if you are boiling four cups, it may take about 8 minutes.
More water needs more energy, so boiling time depends on the amount of water you are boiling.
3. Atmospheric Temperature Altitude
Atmospheric temperature and altitude play a significant role in waters boiling time. How?
Well, the boiling point of water is fixed, which is 100°C. So, lower atmospheric temperature means more temperature change to reach the boiling point, resulting in more time.
If the surrounding temperature is high, water will reach the boiling point quickly.
Another important factor on which water’s boiling time depends is altitude. With the increase in altitude, atmospheric pressure decreases, and so the boiling point of water.
At higher elevation, water boils at a lower temperature, whereas at a lower elevation or sea level, the boiling temperature is higher.
As the temperature at which water starts to turn into water vapor, decreases so is the time to reach the temperature.
What Are You Boiling For?
The time water takes to boil also depends on the purpose of boiling it. In everyday life, you probably need boiling water several times a day.
However, each time the purpose may be different. Below are some common reasons for boiling water every day.
1. For Purification
Boiling water is one of the most effective ways to kill germs, micro-organisms, and bacteria present in the drinking water (source). It is the most convenient of purifying the drinking water when other ways of purification are unavailable.
However, to purify water, you need to boil the water for a longer time to ensure all the pathogens are removed.
2. For Food Preparation
Almost all food preparation needs boiling water more or less. While some food requires boiling water for its preparation, others may require moderate or warm water.
3. For Hot Beverages
If you drink tea, coffee, or other hot beverages several times a day, each time you need boiling water.
Using a microwave or electric kettle is most convenient to boil water for tea or coffee as it’s faster and easier than using a stove every time.
Why It Takes So Long For The Water To Boil?
Boiling water means heating the water to its boiling point, which is 100° C or 212°F.
If you cook frequently, you might have noticed that compared to other liquids, water takes a much longer time to heat up. Water is a slow conductor with higher heat capacity, meaning water absorbs more heat to increase its temperature.
In fact, water has the highest specific heat capacity of all liquids. The specific heat capacity of water is 4200 J/kg°C, which means to increase the temperature of 1 kg or 1 liter of water by 1°C, requires 4200 Joule of heat.
For this high specific heat, water takes longer to heat up and retain heat for a long time.
How Can You Boil Water Faster?
If you boil water regularly, the time water takes to boil won’t seem too long for you. However, following some tips might help you to boil water quickly.
1. Close Lid
Closing the lead is the most effective way to boil water quickly. Putting a lid on the water top reduces the evaporation during boiling and thus reduces the heat lost and boiling time.
2. Smaller Container
Boiling on a larger container requires more time, as it has a larger surface area. Instead of increasing the amount of heat, try using a small container that fits your need.
3. The Material of The Container
You can boil water in any container you like. But if you want to boil water faster, keep in mind that using containers made up of higher heat conductivity materials will reduce the boiling time.
For speedy boiling of water, preferable container materials are aluminum, copper, and stainless steel.
4. Advanced Technology
Using advanced technology like boiling in a pressure cooker or microwave will significantly reduce water’s boiling time.
Moreover, using an electric kettle or electric heater will also help you boil water faster.
So, how long does it take water to boil? There is no particular answer to this question. We have broken down several factors involved. We hope you now know how long to wait.
But one thing’s for sure, it will take much longer if you keep staring at the water pot the entire time.